The sapwood is narrow in the better grades, sometimes up to 50mm wide, lighter in colour than the heartwood which is yellowish-brown to reddish-brown. Both species are typical of the hard-pine class, being resinous, with the growth-rings usually well-marked by the contrast between the light-coloured early-wood, and the dense, darker-coloured late-wood, which produces a rather coarse texture in the wood, especially in fairly rapidly grown material with its wide growth-rings. The timbers weigh about 670 kg/m³ on average when dried. The lower density material of P. palustris and P. elliottii together with other species termed southern yellow pine, is lighter in weight, coarser in texture, inferior in strength, and usually has a wider sapwood.
|Latin Name||Weight (kg/m3)||Colour||Texture||Grain|
|Pinus palustris||670 kg/m3||Reddish Brown||Medium|
|Main Uses||Internal joinery|
|Length Range:||2.1m to 4.8m|
|Width Range:||20mm to 290mm|